Domestication of cow had started with human civilization. Animal husbandry and agriculture depend on each other at all times. This is natural across rural India. Cattle are necessary for milk, dung and urine, biogas and also for ploughing and transportation. Knowing all these our ancestors worshipped the cow, conserved it and developed cattle based farming system. Indigenous /Heritage cattle are the best in class breeds on the planet, due to the various benefits that the society can have out of them. Every aspect of these cows is of utmost importance and provides value. The benefits of a collaborative life with these beings can make humans and the ecosystem healthier beyond expectation, which has to be educated to the masses. Our volunteers work at length with the Rural and Urban population in building this awareness.
These emotional beings are smuggled and dumped into trucks inhumanly and carried for slaughtering. Cattle that are illegally taken to slaughter houses are being rescued and with the help of Police and Law, admitted to cattle shelters /Goshalas. Supporting teams in action for such a cause is divine too… and Gopaalaka does that.
Herd Health Management:
A veterinary medical officer on-call and monthly visit is organized for the wellbeing of the cattle at goshalas. Timely vaccination and precautionary measures are taken to ensure the cattle are maintained healthy and free of any known diseases.
Breed Improvement /Development:
The efforts have started to increase the population of cattle breeds after the disappearance of many Indigenous breeds. But now it is not so easy due to drastic change in the socioeconomic conditions of rural India. Even then many social organizations and few government institutes started working in this direction. Cost of maintenance of indigenous breed is less. Bulls work very hard. Mortality of calves is less. Male calf is an asset.
Bullocks are most useful for ploughing and transportation due to their high hump, strong legs, fast walking and hardworking nature. It can work for long time without food and water. Thus rearing male calves can bring good income for farmers. Number of calving is more compared to exotic breeds. Indian breed of any region can adjust the climatic condition of any other region. All these indicate that keeping indigenous breeds is the best option for our farming system. Hence Gopaalaka has started supporting improvement of specific indigenous breeds both by natural service and by artificial insemination.
Fodder is a vital ingredient and needs commands utmost importance when rearing cattle. With the great deal of support by the associated families and members, we are able to cater to large cattle groups. Green fodder, Dry fodder from the shoots of Ragi and Maize are the common food for the rescued cattle. However, for the milch category cows, additional special ingredients including protein supplements to enhance the nutritional value are fed. Few fodder crops are grown including the Hydroponic grass with the help of interested volunteers who serve through relationship donations and through others who leverage their land and other resources for the purpose.
Construction of Gaushalas, temporary structures in famine hit areas for fodder management, Grass cutting machinery, trolleys, building material, Tube wells with Electrical panel, motor & pumpset, renovation activities for better management and any other support structures or enabling materials, stone slabs, pillars, fabricated structures & fixtures and any other similar resources are supported under this header.
Goshalas have a huge dependency on the Labour. The support staff in the Goshalas is the backbone of the whole setup. It is one of the toughest tasks to get people to work in goshalas these days. We try organizing the working community for goshalas at all levels. We also support in funding such human resources when required.